Fukui City is located in the center of Fukui Prefecture. This historic city still inherits traditional culture that has been carried out for many years. Fukui is rich in nature, supporting the lives of the citizens with the blessings of nature and the beauty as the seasons change throughout the year. We will be giving you more information about Fukui City.
Fukui City is an alluvial plain that has developed in the Fukui Plain, an alluvial fan created by three major rivers: Kuzuryu River, Asuwa River and Hino River. It had already been a plain that could be used for farming by the Yayoi period, and can be said that rice farming started to become popular in this area during this era.
About 1500 years ago, the marshy land was converted into a fertile ground by Emperor Keitai’s erosion and flood control project. The emperor had a deep connection with this area.
During the Nara period, this vast plain attracted many people’s attention as the breadbasket of this area, and was the reason why Todaiji-Soen, Chimori-no-Sho and Kouki-no-Sho, land controlled by the emperor, were created. Later on, this area became an important location for the Hokuriku Expressway because of its geographical conditions and cultural developments.
From the middle ages
In the Middle Ages, the Asakura clan, who settled in Ichijodani in the southeastern part of the city, ruled Echizen for five generations (103 years). During this era, Ichijodani was so prosperous that it was called Little Kyoto. The castle was burnt down in the first year of the Tensho era (1573), but the castle town that existed until the Sengoku period has been restored and left just like they used to be. It is the only archaeological site in Japan in such great condition, and was designated as a Special Historic Site in 1971. The garden on site was designated as a Special Place of Scenic Beauty.
The city center was called Kitanosho during the Muromachi period, and the first building built in the city was the castle of the Shibata Katsuie family.
After Ieyasu Tokugawa brought peace to the world, his second son, Hideyasu Yuki, was appointed as the owner of the 680,000-koku clan castle in 1600.
The name of this area changed from Kitanosho to Fukui, and was given a new kanji (Chinese characters) by the third feudal lord, Tadamasa.
From modern times to the present times
The feudal lord in the late Edo period was Yoshinaga Matsudaira (Shungaku), who was an honorable and wise ruler. There were many talented men such as Sanai Hashimoto, Yuri Kimimasa, Tachibana Akemi and Hakuo Kasahara who were active during the rule of Yoshinaga Matsudaira. Also, Keiei promoted fabric as an industrial business and turned Fukui into a textile kingdom.
The municipal administration was enforced in 1887, and what is now Fukui City was created. At that time, which was during the Meiji era, the population was 39,863 and the area was 4.43 square kilometers. Since then, the city has continued to develop as a political, economic and cultural center of Fukui Prefecture.
Fukui City, like many Japanese cities, was subjected to bombing in air raids during World War II (July 1945) and was almost completely destroyed by a huge earthquake in 1948. The city has also suffered through regular natural disasters, such as floods, damaging winds, and so on. But, thanks to the indomitable spirit of its citizens, the city has been rebuilt, just like a phoenix risen from the ashes. The phoenix symbolizes birth, death and rebirth as well as eternity, strength and renewal. The city of Fukui is now known as “The City of the Risen Phoenix.”
Fukui City ranked 4th in the liveable city ranking nationwide
High achievement scores for the national achievement test
The number of presidents produced in Japan
Fukui City is the capital of Fukui Prefecture with commercial and administrative functions centered around JR Fukui Station. The city is surrounded by nature; the beautiful Echizen coast on the west side and mountainous lush landscapes on the east side. Students in elementary school and junior high school show high achievement scores for the national achievement test.
The city has created a comfortable environment for the citizens, and succeeded in producing those who excel in their academic abilities and physical strength. Also, Fukui prefecture produces the highest number of company presidents in Japan.
Rich food culture
The No.1 consumer of fried tofu in Japan
The No.1 consumer of rice cakes in Japan
One of the top consumers of yakitori (Japanese style skewered chicken)
Fukui is well known for their delicious food. They are best known for their snow crabs and other seafood from the Sea of Japan. They are also one of the highest consumers of fried tofu, yakitori and rice cake. Fried tofu found in Fukui is generally thick, and the people prefer to bake it and top it with grated radish or soy sauce. There is a yakitori restaurant called Akiyoshi that originated in Fukui, and now has over 120 sister restaurants all over Japan. The orders at this popular restaurant never stop coming in. They are often sold at stalls during festivals, and the people of Fukui are familiar with the taste of the yakitori from Akiyoshi. There are also many rice cake shops in Fukui which is rare in Japan. A rice cake is a preserved food perfect for a winter snack and represents the food culture in Fukui.
Ichijodani representing the Sengoku period
Fukui produced significant historic figures during the late edo period and the Meiji period
Reading the Stones
There is a castle town of the Asakura Family who ruled the country of Echizen for five generations (103 years) during the Sengoku period. At this castle town is a famous ruin called the Asakura ruins, which is also known as Ponpeii in Japan. The ruins are designated as a national important cultural property, special historic site, special place of scenic beauty and is a Japan Heritage. Fukui produced two historic figures during the Meiji Restoration; Sanai Hashimoto, who wrote the "Enlightenment Record" at the age of 15, and Yuri Kimimasa, who became the first governor of Tokyo and summarized the draft "Charter Oath."
The country of Echizen once prospered as a city built of stones. Now, the remains, blending in with the modernized city, quietly tell us a story about what was once the country of Echizen, and filling your heart with romance.
Asuwa River cherry-tree-lined path
Echizen Coast leisure facilities and landscape
Nature around us
The Echizen Coast, known for its fresh seafood, is a popular spot for fishing, but also as a leisure spot for swimming. In the cold winter, Echizen Daffodils, which have been selected as one of the three major daffodil colonies in Japan, are all in full bloom. Its stunning landscape is registered as a national cultural landscape. Near Fukui Station is the Asuwa River and Asuwayama Park, in which both were selected as one of the "100 Best Cherry Blossom Spots in Japan." There is also a popular park called the Asuwayama Park Amusement Park where you can see and touch animals. In a distance close enough from the city center is Mt. Kunimi, Mt. Monju, Mt. Ochi, etc. where you can enjoy many experiences while being surrounded by nature, away from the hustle and bustle of the city. It is also a perfect location for a worcation.